History of the province of Chaouen or Xauen

History of the province of Chaouen or Xauen

Chefchaouen city in northern Morocco, the original name of the city is Shaouen means horns in Tamazight. Chefchaouen, capital city of the province was founded in 1471 at the hands of Ali bin Rachid, to house the Muslims of Andalusia after being expelled by the Spaniards. Where as a fortress for against colonialism.

Chafchaouen site

Chefchaouen is located in the far north of the Rif Mountains of Morocco on the series and is bounded to the north of the Mediterranean waterfront stretching more than 120 km to the south and the regional and Ouzan and Taounate and Al Hoceima province east and west regional Tetouan, Larache. And it belongs to the province’s regional point of Tangier-Tetouan. Chefchaouen province of 4350 square kilometers.


Chefchaouen signs mountainous results, with difficult terrain and sudden dips and valleys low acute and fractures. The existence of human well-known since ancient times. Also known as the arrival of the Arab conquerors Musa Bin Naseer, who built a mosque his tribe of Bani Hassan northwest of Chefchaouen, as well as Tariq ibn Ziyad, which still bears his name and there is a mosque in the village of balconies. (Leadership Bab Taza) Thus, since the Muslim conquest of Morocco, this region has become a center for gathering armies. In the era of the Idrisid (ninth century), the area came under the rule of Omar bin Idris II, who made Fez capital of his kingdom. And so I knew the area and the occurrence of many wars and conflicts until the founding of the city of Chefchaouen in 876 AH / 1471 AD by Moulay Ali bin Rachid, to stop crawling on the Portuguese region. Antique City is home to Chefchaouen important collection of historical buildings that largely reflect the historical and cultural character who exist city.

Square of Chefchaouen

Old  Medina  and Kasbah

Kasbah  is located in the western part of the city, and is considered the first nucleus, taken by Moulay Ali bin Rachid headquarters of his military barracks for militate against the Portuguese started. From an architectural perspective, it is surrounded by a fence in the Kasbah mediate ten towers, and embody the method of construction in Andalusian style architecture. The internal space of the rod contains a large garden decorated demarcated into two basins. While Ethnographic Museum occupies the northwestern part of the trachea in. Due date of construction of the building that houses the museum to the end of 11 AH / 17th century AD. It was built by the rural to the Sultan Moulay Ismail in the region. This building takes traditional Moroccan homes that are available on the open inner courtyard surrounding a water fountain, surrounded by galleries and rooms in addition to the top-floor design.

Old Medina

Great Mosque

the Grand Mosque at Chefchaouen foundations in the era of the rule of the family of Bani Rachid scientific Idrisid in the 16th century at the hands of the governor of the city of Sidi Moulay Mohammed bin Ali bin Musa bin Rachid al-Hassani Idrissi Scientific has been completed after the year 969 AH.

This mosque is characterized by wide area and with big silo octagonal ribs contain a rich wooden stands amid tile Mehrab, is virtually unique in terms of the density of the material of construction and decoration.

Grand Mosque in Chefchaouen

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